Urinary Tract Infection: Definition and Symptoms



INFOLOVERZ-Our body has a urinary tract system consisting of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Urine is produced and excreted through this system. UTI occurs when bacteria attack certain parts of the urinary tract system.

urinary tract

UTIs can be divided into two categories, lower and upper. Lower UTIs occur in the urethra and bladder, while upper UTIs occur in the ureters and kidneys. Symptoms of lower UTIs include frequent urination, pain or burning sensation during urination, cloudy urine, and strong-smelling urine. Symptoms of upper UTIs include pain in the groin area, nausea, and fever.

Urinary Tract Infection: Causes and Diagnosis Tests

UTIs can be caused by Escherichia coli or E. coli bacteria that generally live in the large intestine and around the anus. UTIs can also be caused by irritation after sexual intercourse and disruption of urine excretion by certain conditions.

In addition to checking the patient's medical history and asking about the symptoms experienced, to diagnose UTI, the doctor may perform several tests to see if there are bacteria or disorders in the urinary tract organs. Some of the testing methods include urine and blood tests, CT scans, cystoscopy, and ultrasound.

Urinary Tract Infection: Treatment and Prevention

UTIs can be treated with antibiotic medications prescribed by a doctor. Pain relievers may also be needed. If the UTI is severe, the patient may need to be hospitalized for a few days.

At-home steps to support drug treatment include emptying the bladder, drinking plenty of fluids, and relieving pain with a warm compress. If UTIs occur frequently, the doctor can prescribe preventive antibiotics.

To prevent recurring UTIs, avoid using diaphragms or spermicidal condoms and ask the doctor to prescribe preventive antibiotics.

Urinary Tract Infection: Complications

If UTIs are left untreated, especially if they often occur, serious complications such as kidney damage and blood infections can occur. Kidney infections that are not immediately treated can lead to kidney failure or permanent organ damage.

Therefore, seek medical attention or go to the hospital immediately if you experience the symptoms mentioned above or complications caused by UTIs.

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